PIPEDA refers to the federal Personal Information Protection and Electronic Documents Act (S.C. 2000, Ch. 5) (Federal Act). The Act applies to all organizations that collect, use or disclose personal information in the course of commercial activities. The term “commercial activity” means any particular transaction, act or conduct or any regular course of conduct that is of a commercial character. Clinical research under contract to a private organization is a “commercial activity”. As of January 1, 2004, the Act applies to all personal information collected, used or disclosed in the course of all commercial activity. Note: If a province passes a law that is substantially similar to the Federal Act, the organizations or activities covered by the provincial law will be exempted from the federal law for collection, use, or disclosure within the province.
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